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8 Key Factors for Crop Success from Cauliflower Seedlings

Many South African farmers propagate cauliflower from seedlings bought from bulk supply specialised nurseries. With quality, disease-free stock, their chances for crop success increase considerably. Plant characteristics, such as frost and disease tolerance, head size, and colour play an important role in crop success, but so do other factors, some of which are:
  1. Climate
  2. Soil
  3. Environment
  4. Pest control
  5. Harvesting techniques
  6. Plant spacing
  7. Irrigation method and application
  8. Supplier of the seedlings
 
  1. Climate
Unless the cauliflower seedlings are transplanted to growth medium in a greenhouse facility where it is possible to have more control over temperature fluctuations, wind, and humidity levels, the farmer has to pay close attention to the climate needs of the particular variety.
  1. Soil
How much air is in the soil? Is it clay, sand, sandy-loam, or loam soil? The soil type plays a role in the water-retention capacity. Clay soil tends to trap water for longer, but the density of the soil can also hinder proper rooting. Sandy soil drains well with little chance of water build-up around the roots, but the plants will need to be irrigated more often.
  1. Environment
The physical environment to which the cauliflower seedlings are transplanted must be taken into consideration. Are the plugs transplanted to a hillside area where there is a high risk of water run-off after heavy rains and subsequent loss of nutrients in the top soil? If grown on an open plain, the risk of wind damage is high. In this instance, the farmer may have to erect wind breakers to protect the plants.
  1. Pest Control
Which pathogens are present in the soil? What types of weeds grow in the area? Does the farmer follow a well-planned chemical treatment regime? The cauliflower plugs available from Hishtil SA are already chemically treated before delivery to the farmer, which helps to protect the plants in the initial stages after transplant. To ensure crop success, the farmer must apply the right chemicals at the right time to protect against pests and diseases.
  1. Harvesting Techniques
Mechanical harvesting is faster and less labour intensive than hand harvesting, but the cost of the equipment must be taken into consideration. In addition, the size of the crop field, number of workers available to do the harvesting, and storage facilities required must be considered. If the farmer does not have enough workers or equipment to handle the harvesting tasks, chances for crop losses increase.
  1. Plant Spacing
It is imperative to follow the agronomist guidelines regarding appropriate spacing for the particular variety of cauliflower seedlings. The plants require enough space to grow but leaving too much space between the plants is a waste of valuable resources.
  1. Irrigation Method and Application
The right amount of water must be given for every stage of growth. Over irrigation wastes water while increasing the risk of disease, while too little watering causes plant stress and can lead to slow growth and poor vegetable quality. The type of irrigation plays a role in cost and resource management.
  1. Choice of Supplier
It is imperative to choose a trusted supplier, known for quality production methods. The supplier should be able to provide technical support and guidelines on the selection of the variety and transplanting the cauliflower seedlings. Hishtil SA meets these requirements. Farmers can request quotes and more information. Quality Cauliflower Seedlings for Sale Sources: